In addition to working as a research scientist, I am also a digital artist and cultural theorist. Artistically, I am interested in the aesthetics of scientific imagination. On the cultural theory side of things, I am fascinated by the mechanisms that modern power uses to create subjects (the kings of old might be gone, but we’re subjects nonetheless) – i.e., how do institutional, political, and religious structures combine to shape ideology, morality, individual choice, and collective/individual identity? Occasionally I publish papers on these topics (for example here and here); sometimes I undertake field research to test my hypotheses! As I’ve gotten more involved with the institutionalized & ‘establishment’ art world, I’ve become increasingly interested in the relationship between art & power: namely, how is power enforced in artistic expression, and is it possible to use artistic means to subvert established cultural power?

DS BATH-48My primary artistic focus at present is called danceroom Spectroscopy (dS) (, an award-winning project that rigorous interactive molecular dynamics  with cutting-edge digital art… It grew out of some code written as part of a small EPSRC public engagement grant I obtained in Nov 2010. Since then, it has gathered breathtaking momentum, receiving further funding from EPSRC, Arts Council England, NVIDIA, the Arnolfini, and the Watershed. To date, over 100,000 people have experienced dS, and it has been featured at major cultural institutions and events including London’s Barbican Arts Centre, Stanford’s Art Institute, the Bhutan International Festival in Thimpu, the London 2012 Cultural Olympiad, and ZKM | Centre for Art & Media Technology. dS is lots of things: an educational tool, a science exhibit, an art installation, an experiment in interactive high-performance computing algorithms, and the glue that knits together Hidden Fields, which is the world’s first dance performance driven by algorithms from quantum molecular dynamics.

DS DOME-4Molecules, made from building blocks called atoms, are amongst the most useful microscopic units for understanding the properties and behaviors of the macroscopic world. Despite the fact that the natural world is characterized by perpetual change and fluctuation, neither the word molecule nor the word atom are famous for conjuring up images of dynamism and change. Rather, both of these words are usually associated with static images that are effectively architectural blueprints showing how atoms are arranged in molecular structures. In actual fact, the microscopic molecular world is dynamic: perpetually vibrating, jiggling, and wiggling. The manner in which atoms and molecules move and vibrate depends on the energetic and force field interactions that they have with their environment.

DS BATH-60Using an array of 3d cameras, dS interprets peoples’ movements as perturbations within a virtual energy field, and embeds them within a rigorous, real-time molecular dynamics simulation, where they can ‘steer’ the simulation. The simulation results are then used to facilitate both graphic and sonic interactivity. Graphically, on a large projection screen, users see their energy fields along with the real-time waves, ripples and vibrations created as their motion perturbs the atomic dynamics simulations. Simultaneously, the dS software carries out real-time spectroscopic analysis of the atomic dynamics. This allows the system to detect transient structures and vibrations amidst the apparent chaos of the atomic dynamics, which is subsequently transformed into sound that is fed back to users. This feedback cycle (users graphically steer the atomic dynamics, and the atomic dynamics affect sound) gives users a textured visual and sonic experience, letting them experience the effect that their real-time field perturbations have within a dynamic atomic system.

dS invites you to move, observe, play, and even dance. Whereas modern technology increasingly offers us tailored individual experiences, this work fuses art and science to generate results which are most interesting and beautiful when amplified by collective and coherent action.

If you’re interested in more technical details… here’s a research paper that explains how dS works.

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